Head Office
60, Sami Pa Street, Chintadripet, Chennai - 2.
044- 28451712
044- 28451632

 

For Appointment Call
+91- 91501 16829
+91- 86438 56090
+91- 98844 02605

Branch Office
GA, Ground Floor, Palace Villa Apt, 34/8, R-Block, 4th Main Road, Anna Nagar, Chennai-40.
044-26224144 044- 43506090

About Thyroid

About Thyroid

 

TREATMENT FOR THYROID

 

THE TREATMENT OF THYROID DEPENDS ON WHICH TYPE OF THYROID IS DIAGNOSED, AND THE EFFECTS ON THE GLAND AND PATIENT SYMPTOMS.

IN SOME CASES, THYROID HORMONE REPLACEMENT IS USED TO TREAT HYPOTHYROIDISM. THE TREATMENT IS OFTEN TAPERED OFF, TO DETERMINE IF THE HYPOTHYROIDISM IS PERMANENT AND SOMETIMES REQUIRES CONTINUOUS TREATMENT.

PAINFUL FORMS OF THYROID ARE SOMETIMES TREATED WITH NON- STEROIDAL AND ANTI-INFLAMMATORY MEDICATIONS, SUCH AS IBUPROFEN OR ASPIRIN. FOR SEVERE OR PROLONGED THYROIDITIS MINIMAL DOSE OF STEROID ARE USED.

KNOW YOUR THYROID

 

THYROID IS A GLAND LOCATED AT THE BASE OF YOUR NECK, JUST BELOW YOUR ADAM'S APPLE. IT IS SHAPED LIKE A BUTTERFLY - EACH WING OR LOBE OF YOUR THYROID LIES ON EITHER SIDE OF YOUR WINDPIPE.

THE PURPOSE OF YOUR THYROID GLAND IS TO MAKE, STORE AND RELEASE THYROID HORMONES INTO YOUR BLOOD. THE THYROID USES IODINE, A MINERAL FOUND IN SOME FOODS AND IN IODIZED SALT, TO MAKE ITS HORMONES. THESE HORMONES, WHICH ARE ALSO REFERRED TO AS T3 (TRI IODO THYRONINE) AND T4 (THYROXINE) AFFECTS ALMOST EVERY PART IN YOUR BODY, AND HELP TO CONTROL YOUR BODY'S FUNCTIONS. IF YOU HAVE TOO LITTLE THYROID HORMONE IN YOUR BLOOD, YOUR BODY SLOWS DOWN. THIS CONDITION IS CALLED HYPOTHYROIDISM. IF YOU HAVE TOO MUCH THYROID HORMONE IN YOUR BLOOD, YOUR BODY SPEEDS UP, THIS CONDITION IS CALLED HYPERTHYROIDISM. THYROID HORMONES ARE ESSENTIAL FOR THE FUNCTION OF EVERY CELL IN THE BODY. THEY HELP TO REGULATE GROWTH AND THE RATE OF CHEMICAL REACTIONS (METABOLISM) IN THE BODY. THYROID HORMONES ALSO HELP CHILDREN TO GROW AND DEVELOP PHYSICALLY AND MENTALLY. THE THYROID GLAND ALSO MAKES THE HORMONE CALCITONIN, WHICH IN INVOLVED IN CALCIUM METABOLISM AND STIMULATING BONE CELLS TO ADD CALCIUM TO BONE. THE AMOUNT OF THYROID HORMONE MADE BY YOUR THYROID GLAND IS ADJUSTED BY A GLAND IN THE BRAIN CALLED THE PITUITARY. ANOTHER PART OF YOUR BRAIN, THE HYPOTHALAMUS HELPS THE PITUITARY. THE HYPOTHALAMUS SENDS INFORMATION TO THE PITUITARY GLAND, THE PITUITARY IN TURN CONTROLS THE THYROID GLAND. THE THYROID GLAND, PITUITARY GLAND AD HYPOTHALAMUS ALL WORK TOGETHER TO CONTROL THE AMOUNT OF THYROID HORMONE IN YOUR BODY. WITH THE PITUITARY CONTROLLING MOST OF THE ACTION, THESE ORGANS WORK SIMILARLY TO THE WAY A THERMOSTAT CONTROLS TEMPERATURE IN A ROOM.

STRUCTURAL PROBLEMS CAN INCLUDE AN ENLARGED THYROID GLAND (GOITRE), A SMALL THYROID GLAND (ATROPHIC) OR THE DEVELOPMENT OF EITHER SINGLE NODULES (SOLITARY THYROID NODULE) OR MULTIPLE THYROID NODULES (MULTI NODULAR GOITRE). FUNCTIONAL PROBLEMS OF THE THYROID ARE INITIALLY EVALUATED WITH THYROID FUNCTION TESTS WHICH ARE USED TO DETERMINE IF THE THYROID IS FUNCTIONING NORMALLY, OVERACTIVE OR UNDER ACTIVE. OFTEN TIMES A THYROID GLAND CAN HAVE BOTH A STRUCTURAL PROBLEM AND A FUNCTIONAL PROBLEM AT THE SAME TIME. SO THE EVALUATION OF A THYROID CONDITION INCLUDES CAREFUL EVALUATION OF BOTH THE STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION OF THE THYROID GLAND.

A THYROID NODULE IS A COLLECTION OF CELLS WITHIN THE THYROID THAT GROW AND PRODUCE A LUMP. IN MOST PATIENTS, A THYROID CANCER NODULE IS PAINLESS AND USUALLY THE PATIENT WAS UNAWARE THAT THE NODULE WAS PRESENT UNTIL IT WAS DETECTED BY THE FAMILY PHYSICIAN OR A RADIOLOGIC STUDY. WHILE NOT USUALLY PRESENT, SEVERAL FEATURES DO MAKE IT MORE LIKELY FOR A THYROID NODULE TO BE THYROID CANCER (RAPID INCREASE IN SIZE, CHANGES IN THE VOICE, DIFFICULTY SWALLOWING, DIFFICULTY IN BREATHING, FAMILY HISTORY OF THYROID CANCER, OR PRIOR HISTORY OF RADIATION EXPOSURE DURING CHILDHOOD).

COMMON HYPOTHYROID SYMPTOMS:

 

* FATIGUE SYNDROME
* FEELING TIRED
* INABILITY TO EXERCISE
* LETHARGY
* WEAKNESS
* SLEEPINESS
* EXCESSIVE DAYTIME SLEEPINESS
* IRREGULAR MENSTRUATION
* DELAYED PUBERTY OR SLOW GROWTH
* CONSTIPATION
*CRAMPING OR FLACCID MUSCLES
* MOOD SWINGS OR SADNESS
* HAIR LOSS
* BRITTLE NAILS
* COARSE HAIR
* COLD FEET AND HANDS
* DEPRESSION
* DRY SKIN
* ENLARGED THYROID
* HIGH CHOLESTEROL
* IRRITABILITY
* MENTAL CONFUSION
* PALLOR
* PUFFY EYES
* SENSITIVITY TO COLD
* SEXUAL DYSFUNCTION
* SLEEP APNEA
* SLOW HEART RATE
* SLUGGISHNESS
* BODY SWELLING
* SWELLING IN EXTREMITIES
* WEIGHT GAIN

COMMON HYPERTHYROID SYMPTOMS:

 

* EXCESS SWEATING
* EXCESSIVE HUNGER
* FATIGUE
* HEAT INTOLERANCE
* RESTLESSNESS
* APATHY
* MOOD SWINGS
* TREMORS
* NERVOUSNESS
* ABNORMAL HEART RHYTHM
* FAST HEART RATE
* DIFFICULTY FALLING ASLEEP OR INSOMNIA
* IRREGULAR MENSTRUATION
* HYPERACTIVITY OR IRRITABILITY
* ABNORMAL PROTRUSION OF EYES OR PUFFY EYES
* DIARRHEA
* HAIR LOSS
* MUSCLE WEAKNESS
* PREMATURE EJACULATION
* WEIGHT LOSS

 

THE THYROID GLAND ALMOST CONTROLS ALL ACTIVITIES IN THE BODY, HENCE TREATING THE THYROID DISORDER ALONE MAY NOT EASE THE PROBLEMS/ ILLNESS FOR THE PATIENT. NOT UN COMMONLY THYROID DISORDERS ARE ASSOCIATED WITH OTHER METABOLISM OF THE BODY OR ASSOCIATED WITH HORMONE IMBALANCE. HENCE APART FROM A DETAILED CLINICAL HISTORY + CLINICAL EXAMINATION, A BATTERY OF TESTS/ INVESTIGATIONS IS OFTEN REQUIRED TO IDENTIFY THE CAUSE/ REASON ASSOCIATED WITH OTHER DISORDER.

 

IT IS PRUDENT NOT TO NEGLECT THE PERSISTENT VAGUE SYMPTOMS OCCURRING ON A DAILY BASIS, WHICH MAY BE AN ONSET OF A THYROID DISORDER. EARLY DETECTION OF THE PROBLEM MAY PREVENT AVALANCHE OF COMPLICATIONS LATER.

Endocrinologist

 

What is an Endocrinologist?

An endocrinologist is a specially trained doctor. Endocrinologists diagnose diseases that affect your glands. They know how to treat conditions that are often complex and involve many systems within your body. Your primary care doctor refers you to an endocrinologists when you have a problem with your endocrine system.

Reasons To Need Endocrinologist

 

There are a number of reasons to need the services of an endocrinologist. Sometimes, people approach an endocrinologist directly, as in the case of transgendered people who want to take sex hormones as part of their transitioning process. In other instances, a patient may be referred to an endocrinologist for a condition which appears to be related to a problem with the endocrine system, and endocrinologists also work as members of medical teams treating patients with complex medical problems. Diabetes and thyroid problems are two of the most common conditions endocrinologist deal with in their work. They may also work with people experiencing infertility issues, menopause, pituitary tumors, adrenal disorders, and numerous other conditions. The goal of the endocrinologist in any form of treatment is to determine the source of the problem, and to develop a treatment plan which will address it. Some endocrine disorders are chronic, meaning that a patient may require life-long care from an endocrinologist, sometimes including life-long use of supplementary hormones.

What is Obesity ?

 

An obese person has accumulated so much of body fat that it might have a negative effect on their health. The intake of calories is more than the expenditure of energy. Accumulation of excess adipose tissues in the body leading to invite disability, disease & premature death. Overweight and obesity are major risk factors for a number of chronic diseases, including diabetes, cardiovascular diseases and cancer. Once considered a problem only in high income countries, overweight and obesity are now dramatically on the rise in low- and middle-income countries, particularly in urban settings

 

What is Body Man Index? (BMI)

 

The BMI is a Statistical Measurement devised from height & Weight. It is a useful way to estimate body weight; it does not measure the percentage of body fat.
BMI = Weight (kg)/Height2 (m)
The Following Classification Scheme is Endorsed by the WHO.
the expenditure of energy. Accumalation of excess adipose tissues in the body leading invites disablity, disease & premature death.
Grading of obesity based on BMI
Grade 111 - > 40
Grade 11 - 30-40
Grade 1 - 25-29.9
Not obese - < 25

Reasons of obesity

 

• Consuming too many calories
• Leading a Sedentary life style
• Not Sleeping enough
• Endocrine factor
• Medication that makes to put on weight
• Lack of Physical Activity
• Stressful life
• Prosperity & Civilization
• Eating habits
• Drinking too much of alcohol

Health risk

 

• Bone & Cartilage Degeneration
• Coronary heart disease
• Gall gladder disease
• Hypertension
• Dyslipidemia
• Respiratory Problem
• Sleep Apnea
• Stroke
• Type 2 Diabetes
• Thyroid Disorder

Treatment

 

• Life Style Modification
• Health Food
• Healthy Snacks
• Portion sizes
• Eating habits

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